Al-Mundhiri on Surat al-Baqarah and Ali ‘Imran

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Al-Mundhiri records in his book al-Targhib wal-Tarhib:

التَّرْغِيب فِي قِرَاءَة سُورَة الْبَقَرَة وَآل عمرَان وَمَا جَاءَ فِيمَن قَرَأَ آخر آل عمرَان فَلم يتفكر فِيهَا

Encouragement to recite Surat al-Baqarah and Ali ‘Imran, and what has been related about reciting the end of Ali ‘Imran and reflecting upon it.

Source: al-Targhīb wal-Tarhīb 2/240

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تَجْعَلُوا بُيُوتَكُمْ مَقَابِرَ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنْفِرُ مِنْ الْبَيْتِ الَّذِي تُقْرَأُ فِيهِ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ

Do not turn your houses into graveyards. Verily, Satan flees from the house in which Surat al-Baqarah is recited.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 780, Grade: Sahih

Ibn Abbas reported: While the Angel Gabriel was sitting with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, he heard a creaking noise above him. Gabriel raised his head and he said:

هَذَا بَابٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فُتِحَ الْيَوْمَ لَمْ يُفْتَحْ قَطُّ إِلَّا الْيَوْمَ

This is a door of heaven that has been opened today and it has never been opened before today.

Then an angel descended from it, and Gabriel said:

هَذَا مَلَكٌ نَزَلَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ لَمْ يَنْزِلْ قَطُّ إِلَّا الْيَوْمَ

This angel descended to the earth today and he has never descended until today.

The angel greeted him with peace and he said:

أَبْشِرْ بِنُورَيْنِ أُوتِيتَهُمَا لَمْ يُؤْتَهُمَا نَبِيٌّ قَبْلَكَ فَاتِحَةُ الْكِتَابِ يعني سورة الفاتحة وَخَوَاتِيمُ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ لَنْ تَقْرَأَ بِحَرْفٍ مِنْهُمَا إِلَّا أُعْطِيتَهُ

Rejoice in two lights you have been given, which were not given to any prophet before you: the opening of the Book, Surat al-Fatihah, and the last verses of Surat al-Baqarah. You will never recite a letter from them but that you will be given.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 806, Grade: Sahih

Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اقْرَءُوا الْقُرْآنَ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ شَفِيعًا لِأَصْحَابِهِ اقْرَءُوا الزَّهْرَاوَيْنِ الْبَقَرَةَ وَسُورَةَ آلِ عِمْرَانَ فَإِنَّهُمَا تَأْتِيَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ تُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ أَصْحَابِهِمَا اقْرَءُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَةُ

Recite the Quran, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for its reciters. Recite the two brightly illuminated chapters, Surat al-Baqarah and Ali Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection they will come as two clouds, or two shades, or two flocks of birds pleading for their companions. Recite Surat al-Baqarah as there is blessing in it, there is sorrow in leaving it, and the sorcerers cannot defeat it.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 804, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ سَنَامٌ وَإِنَّ سَنَامَ القُرْآنِ سُورَةُ البَقَرَةِ وَفِيهَا آيَةٌ هِيَ سَيِّدَةُ آيِ القُرْآنِ هِيَ آيَةُ الكُرْسِيِّ

Everything has a summit and the summit of the Quran is Surat al-Baqarah. It contains a verse which is the head of the Quran, the verse of the Throne.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2878, Grade: Hasan li ghayrihi

Sahl ibn Sa’d reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ سَنَامًا وَإِنَّ سَنَامَ الْقُرْآنِ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ مَنْ قَرَأَهَا فِي بَيْتِهِ لَيْلًا لَمْ يَدْخُلِ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْتَهُ ثَلَاثَ لَيَالٍ وَمَنْ قَرَأَهَا نَهَارًا لَمْ يَدْخُلِ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْتَهُ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ

Verily, everything has a summit and the summit of the Quran is Surat al-Baqarah. Whoever recites it in his house at night, Satan will not enter his house for three nights. Whoever recites it during the day, Satan will not enter his house for three days.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 782, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اقْرَءُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ فَإِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَا يَدْخُلُ بَيْتًا تُقْرَأُ فِيهِ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ

Recite Surat al-Baqarah in your houses, for Satan does not enter a house in which Surat al-Baqarah is recited.

Source: Shu’ab al-Imān 2162, Grade: Sahih

Usayd ibn Hudayr reported: He said, “O Messenger of Allah, while I was reciting Surat al-Baqarah in the night, I heard a loud noise behind me and I thought my horse had escaped.” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

اقْرَأْ يَا أَبَا عَتِيكٍ

Recite, O Abu ‘Atik.

Then, I turned to behold the likeness of a lamp hanging between the heavens and the earth, as the Prophet was saying:

اقْرَأْ يَا أَبَا عَتِيكٍ

Recite, O Abu ‘Atik.

He said, “O Messenger of Allah, how can I keep going?” The Prophet said:

تِلْكَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ نَزَلَتْ لِقِرَاءَةِ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ أَمَا إِنَّكَ لَوْ مَضَيْتَ لَرَأَيْتَ الْعَجَائِبَ

These angels descended for your recitation of Surat al-Baqarah. If you had continued, you would have seen wonders.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 779, Grade: Sahih

Al-Nawwas ibn Sam’an reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُؤْتَى بِالْقُرْآنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَهْلِهِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ بِهِ تَقَدَّمُهُمْ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلِ عِمْرَانَ

On the Day of Resurrection, the Quran and its people who acted upon it will be brought forth, preceded by Surat al-Baqarah and Ali ‘Imran.

Al-Nawwas said, “The Prophet presented three parables for them both that I will never forget.” The Prophet said:

كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ أَوْ ظُلَّتَانِ سَوْدَاوَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا شَرْقٌ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا حِزْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ تُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِمَا

It is as if they are two clouds, or two canopies of dark shade with light between them, or two flocks of birds in ranks, advocating for their reciters.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 805, Grade: Sahih

Buraydah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

تَعَلَّمُوا الْبَقَرَةَ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَةُ تَعَلَّمُوا الْبَقَرَةَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ فَإِنَّهُمَا هُمَا الزَّهْرَاوَانِ يَجِيئَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ أَوْ غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ تُجَادِلَانِ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِمَا

Learn Surat al-Baqarah, for adhering to it is blessed, leaving it is sorrow, and the sorcerers cannot defeat it. Learn al-Baqarah and Ali ‘Imran, for they are both the brightly illuminated chapters coming on the Day of Resurrection as if they were two clouds, or two canopies of shade, or as If they are a decisive wall of birds in ranks, arguing on behalf of their reciters.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 22975, Grade: Sahih li ghayrihi

Al-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ كِتَابًا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ بِأَلْفَيْ عَامٍ أَنْزَلَ مِنْهُ آيَتَيْنِ خَتَمَ بِهِمَا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ وَلاَ يُقْرَآنِ فِي دَارٍ ثَلاَثَ لَيَالٍ فَيَقْرَبُهَا شَيْطَانٌ

Verily, Allah issued a decree before He created the heavens and the earth by a thousand years. He sent down two verse for the end of Surat al-Baqarah. They are not recited in a house but that Satan will not come near it.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2882, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon, said to me on one of my nights:

يَا عَائِشَةُ ذَرِينِي أَتَعَبَّدُ اللَّيْلَةَ لِرَبِّي

O Aisha, leave me to worship my Lord tonight.

I said, “By Allah, I love to be close to you and I love what pleases you.” The Prophet stood up and performed ablution, then stood in prayer. He did not stop weeping until it was moist around his eyes. Then, he wept and he did not stop weeping until his beard was moist. Then, he wept and he did not stop weeping until the ground was moist. Bilal came and announced the call to prayer. When he saw the Prophet weeping, he said, “O Messenger of Allah, why are you weeping when Allah has forgiven you for what you have done and what you will do?” The Prophet said:

أَفَلَا أَكُونُ عَبْدًا شَكُورًا لَقَدْ نَزَلَتْ عَلَيَّ اللَّيْلَةَ آيَةٌ وَيْلٌ لِمَنْ قَرَأَهَا وَلَمْ يَتَفَكَّرْ فِيهَا إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لَآيَاتٍ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

Shall I not be a grateful servant? A verse has been revealed to me tonight and woe to one who reads it without reflecting upon it: Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of the night and day, are signs for those of understanding. (3:190)

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 620, Grade: Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.