Hadith on Wudu: Wiping over turbans and socks in ablution

Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah reported: I was with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, on a journey and I reached out to take off his leather socks. The Prophet said, “Leave them, for I have worn them in a state of purity.” Then, the Prophet wiped over them for ablution.

In another narration, Al-Mughirah said: The Prophet wiped over his forehead, his turban, and his leather socks.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 203, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 274

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Ibn Taymiyyah said, “When the Prophet commanded wiping over the socks, he knew what the normal state of affairs was and he did not make it an obligation that the socks should be whole and free of any faults. His command should be taken as general in meaning and it should not be restricted unless there is a legal evidence for doing so. What is implied by the wording is that any socks that people wear and walk about in may be wiped over, even if they have holes or are worn out, without defining the acceptable extent for these holes and tears, because even such a definition would require evidence.”

Source: Majmūʻ al-Fatāwá 21/174

عَنْ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ كُنْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي سَفَرٍ فَأَهْوَيْتُ لِأَنْزِعَ خُفَّيْهِ فَقَالَ دَعْهُمَا فَإِنِّي أَدْخَلْتُهُمَا طَاهِرَتَيْنِ فَمَسَحَ عَلَيْهِمَا

وفي رواية مسلم قال فَمَسَحَ بِنَاصِيَتِهِ وَعَلَى الْعِمَامَةِ وَعَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ

203 صحيح البخاري كتاب الوضوء باب إذا أدخل رجليه وهما طاهرتان

274 صحيح مسلم كتاب الطهارة باب المسح على الخفين

قال ابن تيمية فَلَمَّا أَطْلَقَ الرَّسُولُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْأَمْرَ بِالْمَسْحِ عَلَى الْخِفَافِ مَعَ عِلْمِهِ بِمَا هِيَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْعَادَةِ وَلَمْ يُشْتَرَطْ أَنْ تَكُونَ سَلِيمَةً مِنْ الْعُيُوبِ وَجَبَ حَمْلُ أَمْرِهِ عَلَى الْإِطْلَاقِ وَلَمْ يَجُزْ أَنْ يُقَيَّدَ كَلَامُهُ إلَّا بِدَلِيلِ شَرْعِيٍّ وَكَانَ مُقْتَضَى لَفْظِهِ أَنَّ كُلَّ خُفٍّ يَلْبَسُهُ النَّاسُ وَيَمْشُونَ فِيهِ فَلَهُمْ أَنْ يَمْسَحُوا عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَفْتُوقًا أَوْ مَخْرُوقًا مِنْ غَيْرِ تَحْدِيدٍ لِمِقْدَارِ ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّ التَّحْدِيدَ لَا بُدَّ لَهُ مِنْ دَلِيلٍ

21/174 مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية الفقه الطهارة باب المسح على الخفين مسألة أقوال العلماء في المسح على الخفين شروط المسح على الخفين