Hadith on Justice: When oppressed become oppressors

Hudhayfah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Verily, some people were weak and poor, and they were being fought by tyrants who outnumbered them. Then, Allah allowed the oppressed to prevail over them, so they seized their enemies, exploited them, and imposed rule over them. Thus, Allah is displeased with them until the Day they meet Him.”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 23462

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Ibn Kathir

Ibn Kathir said, “The meaning is that these oppressed people, once they gained power over the strong, transgressed against them, dealt with them inappropriately, and angered Allah by this transgression. The prophetic narrations and reports on this topic are quite numerous.”

Source: Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr 2:190

عن حذيفة قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ قَوْمًا كَانُوا أَهْلَ ضَعْفٍ وَمَسْكَنَةٍ قَاتَلَهُمْ أَهْلُ تَجَبُّرٍ وَعَدَدٍ فَأَظْهَرَ اللَّهُ أَهْلَ الضَّعْفِ عَلَيْهِمْ فَعَمَدُوا إِلَى عَدُوِّهِمْ فَاسْتَعْمَلُوهُمْ وَسَلَّطُوهُمْ فَأَسْخَطُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ يَلْقَوْنَهُ

23462 مسند أحمد بن حنبل

1/524 المحدث ابن كثير خلاصة حكم المحدث إسناده حسن في تفسير القرآن

قال ابن كثير وَمَعْنَاهُ أَنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ الضُّعَفَاءَ لَمَّا قَدَرُوا عَلَى الْأَقْوِيَاءِ فاعتَدوا عَلَيْهِمْ وَاسْتَعْمَلُوهُمْ فِيمَا لَا يَلِيقُ بِهِمْ أَسْخَطُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِسَبَبِ هَذَا الِاعْتِدَاءِ وَالْأَحَادِيثُ وَالْآثَارُ فِي هَذَا كَثِيرَةٌ جِدًّا

2:190 كتاب تفسير ابن كثير سورة البقرة إن الله لا يحب المعتدين

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