Ibn Abbas on Fatwa: Wisdom of Ibn Abbas in issuing verdicts

Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaydah reported: A man came to Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and he said, “Is there repentance for one who kills a believer?” Ibn Abbas said, “No, there is nothing but Hellfire.” After the man left, those sitting nearby said to him, “What is this? You have given us two different judgments, for earlier you judged that whoever killed a believer may have his repentance accepted. What is the matter today?” Ibn Abbas said, “Indeed, I suspect he was an angry man intending to kill a believer.” Later they followed the man and found that it was true.

Source: Muṣannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah 27182

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Ibn Hajar

Sufyan al-Thawri said, “When the scholars were asked if there is repentance for murderer, they would say no. If a man had already committed it, they would order him to repent.”

Source: al-Talkhīs al-Ḥabīr 2574

عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنه فَقَالَ لِمَنْ قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا تَوْبَةٌ قَالَ لَا إلَّا النَّارُ فَلَمَّا ذَهَبَ قَالَ لَهُ جُلَسَاؤُهُ مَا هَكَذَا كُنْتَ تُفْتِينَا كُنْتَ تُفْتِينَا أَنَّ لِمَنْ قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا تَوْبَةً مَقْبُولَةً فَمَا بَالُ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ قَالَ إنِّي أَحْسِبُهُ رَجُلا مُغْضَبًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَقْتُلَ مُؤْمِنًا قَالَ فَبَعَثُوا فِي أَثَرِهِ فَوَجَدُوهُ كَذَلِكَ

27182 مصنف ابن أبي شيبة كتاب الديات من قال للقاتل توبة

5/1562 المحدث ابن حجر العسقلاني خلاصة حكم المحدث رجاله ثقات في التلخيص الحبير

قَالَ سُفْيَانُ كَانَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ إِذَا سُئِلُوا قَالُوا لَا تَوْبَةَ لَهُ فَإِذَا ابْتُلِيَ رَجُلٌ قَالُوا لَهُ تُبْ

2574 التلخيص الحبير في تخريج أحاديث الرافعي الكبير كتاب القضاء