Hadith on Suicide: Muslim who kills himself not an unbeliever

Jabir reported: When the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, emigrated to Medina, Al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr also emigrated along with a man from his people. They strongly disliked the climate of Medina and the man became sick and suffered from anxiety. He took some of his arrowheads, cut the joints of his fingers, and his hands bled out until he died. Al-Tufayl saw him in a dream looking as if he were well but his hands were covered. Al-Tufayl said, “How has your Lord treated you?” The man said, “He has forgiven me due to my emigration to His Prophet.” Al-Tufayl said, “Why do I see your hands covered?” The man said, “I was told that ‘we would not repair what you yourself have ruined.’” Al-Tufayl told the story to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, “O Allah, forgive his hands as well.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 116

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Muslim

Al-Nawawi said, “In this tradition is proof of the important principle for the people of the Sunnah, that whoever kills himself or otherwise commits a sin and dies without repenting is not considered an unbeliever.”

Source: Sharḥ al-Nawawī ‘alá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 116

عَنْ جَابِرٍ قَالَ لَمَّا هَاجَرَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِ الطُّفَيْلُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو وَهَاجَرَ مَعَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ فَاجْتَوَوُا الْمَدِينَةَ فَمَرِضَ فَجَزِعَ فَأَخَذَ مَشَاقِصَ لَهُ فَقَطَعَ بِهَا بَرَاجِمَهُ فَشَخَبَتْ يَدَاهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ فَرَآهُ الطُّفَيْلُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو فِي مَنَامِهِ فَرَآهُ وَهَيْئَتُهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَرَآهُ مُغَطِّيًا يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَا صَنَعَ بِكَ رَبُّكَ فَقَالَ غَفَرَ لِي بِهِجْرَتِي إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ مَا لِي أَرَاكَ مُغَطِّيًا يَدَيْكَ قَالَ قِيلَ لِي لَنْ نُصْلِحَ مِنْكَ مَا أَفْسَدْتَ فَقَصَّهَا الطُّفَيْلُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اللهُمَّ وَلِيَدَيْهِ فَاغْفِرْ

116 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإيمان باب الدليل على أن قاتل نفسه لا يكفر

قال النووي فَفِيهِ حُجَّةٌ لِقَاعِدَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ لِأَهْلِ السُّنَّةِ أَنَّ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ أَوِ ارْتَكَبَ مَعْصِيَةً غَيْرَهَا وَمَاتَ مِنْ غَيْرِ تَوْبَةٍ فَلَيْسَ بِكَافِرٍ

116 شرح النووي على مسلم

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