Hadith on Deeds: Three expiations, salvific virtues, and destructive vices

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Three deeds are destructive vices, three are salvific virtues, three are expiations, and three are a rise in ranks. As for destructive vices, they are greed that is obeyed, whims that are followed, and man being impressed with himself. As for salvific virtues, they are justice in a time of anger or pleasure, moderation in wealth or poverty, and fear of Allah in public and private. As for expiations, they are waiting for prayer in between prayers, thorough ablution on cold mornings, and walking to the congregations. As for rises in ranks, they are feeding the poor, spreading peace, and prayer at night while people sleep.

Source: al-Mu’jam al-Awsaṭ 5750

Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Al-Albani

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثَلَاثٌ مُهْلِكَاتٌ وَثَلَاثٌ مُنَجِّيَاتٌ وَثَلَاثٌ كَفَّارَاتٌ وَثَلَاثٌ دَرَجَاتٌ فَأَمَّا الْمُهْلِكَاتُ فَشُحٌّ مُطَاعٌ وَهَوًى مُتَّبَعٌ وَإِعْجَابُ الْمَرْءِ بِنَفْسِهِ وَأَمَّا الْمُنَجِّيَاتُ فَالْعَدْلُ فِي الْغَضَبِ وَالرِّضَى وَالْقَصْدُ فِي الْفَقْرِ وَالْغِنَى وَخَشْيَةُ اللَّهِ فِي السِّرِّ وَالْعَلَانِيَةِ وَأَمَّا الْكَفَّارَاتُ فَانْتِظَارُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِسْبَاغُ الْوُضُوءِ فِي السَّبَرَاتِ وَنَقْلُ الْأَقْدَامِ إِلَى الْجَمَاعَاتِ وَأَمَّا الدَّرَجَاتُ فَإِطْعَامُ الطَّعَامِ وَإِفْشَاءُ السَّلَامِ وَصَلَاةٌ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّاسُ نِيَامٌ

5750 المعجم الأوسط للطبراني

3045 المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث حسن في صحيح الجامع

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