Hadith on Trade: Business dealings with unbelievers, idolaters

Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Bakr reported: We were with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, when a tall man from the idolaters came driving sheep. The Prophet said, “Are they for sale, gift, or donation?” The man said, “No, they are for sale.” The Prophet purchased one sheep from him.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2216

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari

Ibn Battal said, “Business dealings with the unbelievers is permissible unless it is to sell them something that enemy combatants may use against the Muslims.”

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 4/410

عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثُمَّ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ مُشْرِكٌ مُشْعَانٌّ طَوِيلٌ بِغَنَمٍ يَسُوقُهَا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَيْعًا أَمْ عَطِيَّةً أَوْ قَالَ أَمْ هِبَةً قَالَ لاَ بَلْ بَيْعٌ فَاشْتَرَى مِنْهُ شَاةً

2216 صحيح البخاري كتاب البيوع باب الشراء والبيع مع المشركين وأهل الحرب

قَالَ بن بَطَّالٍ مُعَامَلَةُ الْكُفَّارِ جَائِزَةٌ إِلَّا بَيْعَ مَا يَسْتَعِينُ بِهِ أَهْلُ الْحَرْبِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ

4/410 فتح الباري لابن حجر