Hadith on Dhikr: Remembering Allah loudly or softly after prayer

Ibn Abbas reported: The people would raise their voices in remembrance as they left the obligatory prayers in the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. Ibn Abbas said, “I used to know when they were leaving as I heard them.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 841, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 583

Grade: Mutaffaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Al-Shafi’i said, “I prefer for the Imam and the followers to remember Allah after leaving the prayer and to do so quietly, unless they must learn from the Imam such that he raises his voice until he sees they have learned it, then he does so privately.”

Source: Maʻrifat al-Sunan wal-Āthār 3898

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَفْعَ الصَّوْتِ بِالذِّكْرِ حِينَ يَنْصَرِفُ النَّاسُ مِنَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ كَانَ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كُنْتُ أَعْلَمُ إِذَا انْصَرَفُوا بِذَلِكَ إِذَا سَمِعْتُهُ

841 صحيح البخاري كتاب الأذان باب الذكر بعد الصلاة

583 صحيح مسلم كتاب المساجد ومواضع الصلاة باب الذكر بعد الصلاة

قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ أَخْتَارُ لِلْإِمَامِ وَالْمَأْمُومِ أَنْ يَذْكُرَا اللَّهَ بَعْدَ الِانْصِرَافِ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَيُخْفِيَانِ الذِّكْرَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ إِمَامًا يَجِبُ أَنْ يُتَعَلَّمَ مِنْهُ فَيَجْهَرُ حَتَّى يَرَى أَنْ قَدْ تُعُلِّمَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يُسِرُّ

3898 معرفة السنن والآثار كتاب الصلاة كلام الإمام وجلوسه بعد التسليم