Fatwa الفتوى

Salaf on Fatwa: Hesitancy in legal verdicts unless necessary

Al-Mu’afa ibn ‘Imran reported: Sufyan al-Thawri, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “I met the jurists and they disliked to answer a question or a request for a legal […]

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Hasan on Fuqaha: Who is the true Faqih in the religion?

‘Imran al-Minqari reported: I said to Al-Hasan al-Basri, may Allah be pleased with him, one day about something he claimed, “O Abu Sa’id, this is not as the jurists say.”

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Hadith on Divorce: Evidence triple talaq only counts as one divorce

Yazid ibn Rukanah reported: Rukanah had divorced his wife irrevocably and the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, only counted it as one divorce. Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2196

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Malik on Fatwa: Humility of Imam Malik’s independent judgments

Sa’id ibn Sulayman reported: I never heard Malik, may Allah have mercy on him, issue a religious verdict on anything but that he would recite this verse, “Verily, we only

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Tawus on Moderation: Tawus steers people towards a middle way

Layth reported: Tawus, may Allah have mercy on him, if the people became too strict in a matter, he would grant them a concessions in it. If the people became

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Sufyan on Fatwa: Granting proper concessions, not strictest opinion

Abu Usamah reported: Sufyan al-Thawri, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “Indeed, knowledge in our view is granting a proper concession upon a reliable basis. As for giving the

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Hadith on Authority: Allah sends angels to guide an unwilling judge

Anas reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever seeks to be a judge and asks others to intercede so he can have it, he will be

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Ayyub on Fatwa: Most ignorant people quickest to issue verdicts

Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah reported: Ayyub al-Sakhtiyani, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “The most daring of people to issue religious verdicts are those with the least knowledge of the

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Hadith on Conscience: Whatever your heart rejects, do not accept it

Abdur Rahman ibn Mu’awiyah reported: A man asked the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, saying, “O Messenger of Allah, what is lawful and unlawful for me?”

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Hadith on Conscience: Sin shakes your heart, even if scholars approve

Abu Tha’laba reported: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, tell me what is lawful and unlawful for me.” The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Righteousness is serenity

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Ibn Abbas on Khawarij: Winning argument against the rebels

Al-Bayhaqi reported: Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, confronted the Khawarij, saying, “As for your statement that Ali has delegated ruling to men in the affair of Allah,

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Ibn Abbas on Fatwa: Wisdom of Ibn Abbas in issuing verdicts

Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaydah reported: A man came to Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and he said, “Is there repentance for one who kills a believer?” Ibn Abbas

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Umar on Judgment: The Caliph judges in favor of the Jew

Sa’id ibn al-Musayyib reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a dispute between a Muslim and a Jew. Umar believed that the truth was

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Shafi’i on Fatwa: Scholars disliked to say Halal or Haram

Al-Shafi’i reported: Abu Yusuf, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “I know our elders among the scholars would dislike to say in their verdicts that this is lawful and

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Ibn Qayyim on Fatwa: Rulings may change by time, place, condition

Ibn al-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on him, writes, “As for knowing the condition of people, this is a tremendous principle required of the scholar and judge. For if he

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Hadith on Trials: The Prophet fears six trials for the Ummah

‘Awf ibn Malik reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I fear for you six trials: foolish leaders, shedding of blood, bribery in judgments, severing family ties,

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Hadith on Ihsan: Allah is excellent, loves excellence in all matters

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “If you make a judgment, be just. If you have to kill, kill in the

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Umar on Islam: Muslims ruined by faulty scholars, leaders, hypocrites

Ziyad ibn Hudayr reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said to me, “Do you know what will dismantle Islam?” I said no. Umar said, “Islam will

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Umar on Judgment: We judge outward deeds, not inner-states

Abdullah ibn ‘Utbah reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “Verily, people were judged by revelation in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace and

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Hadith on Islam: Bonds of Islam undone until people do not pray

Abu Umamah al-Bahili reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The bonds of Islam will be undone one by one, and every time a bond

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