Civil Protection الذمة

Hadith on Sunnah: No permission to violate rights of Ahl al-Kitab

Al-‘Irbad ibn Sariyah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “No doubt, by Allah, I have admonished you, commanded you, and prohibited you from things […]

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Hadith on Trade: No undermining the sales of each other

Ibn Umar reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There is no undermining the sales of one another, nor undermining the marriages of one another.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ

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Hadith on Jihad: No harm to people in religious buildings

Thabit ibn al-Hajjaj reported: Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, stood up among the people and praised and thanked Allah, then he said, “No doubt, do not kill

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Hadith on Qiblah: Those who pray towards Mecca are Muslims

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever prays our prayer, faces our direction of prayer, and eats our slaughtered animals, they

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Hasan on Islam: Religion is to worship Allah, at peace with others

Isra’il Abi Musa reported: Hasan al-Basri, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “What is Islam? It is that you surrender your heart to Allah Almighty, and that every Muslim

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Umar on Dhimmi: Non-Muslims deserve fair share of public charity

Abu Bakrah reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, passed by the door of some people, over which was an old blind man asking for charity. Umar

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Umar on Jizyah: Non-Muslims given from public treasury as charity

Abu Ja’far reported: The commander of the faithful, Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, passed by an old man among the non-Muslim citizens who was going from

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Umar on Judgment: The Caliph judges in favor of the Jew

Sa’id ibn al-Musayyib reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a dispute between a Muslim and a Jew. Umar believed that the truth was

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Umar II on Apostasy: Let them return to paying tribute, no punishment

Ma’mar reported: Some residents of the peninsula told me that some people had embraced Islam, but it was not long until they became apostates. Maymun ibn Mihran wrote to Umar

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Umar II on War: No killing women, children, civilians, non-combatants

Yahya ibn Yahya reported: I wrote to Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, may Allah have mercy on him, asking him about the verse, “Fight in the way of Allah those who

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Ibn Ka’b on Salaam: No harm greeting non-Muslims with peace

Muhammad ibn Ka’b reported: Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, may Allah have mercy on him, was asked about initiating the greeting of peace to non-Muslim citizens and he said we should

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Abu Umamah on Salaam: Initiating greetings of peace to non-Musims

‘Urwah ibn Ruwaym reported: I saw Abu Umamah al-Bahili, may Allah be pleased with him, greet with peace whomever he would meet among the Muslims and non-Muslim citizens. Abu Umamah

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Hadith on Life: No killing disbelievers if they claim to accept Islam

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad reported: He said, “O Messenger of Allah, if I confront an unbeliever and we fight each other and he severs one of my hands with his sword,

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Hadith on Prayer: Whoever prays Fajr prayer under protection of Allah

Jundab ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever performs the dawn prayer will be under the guardianship of Allah. Thus, let not one

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Hadith on Safety: Grant safety to whoever asks in name of Allah

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever seeks refuge with you in the name of Allah, grant him refuge. Whoever asks you

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Hadith on Divorce: The Prophet protects wife from abusive husband

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported: The wife of Al-Walid ibn ‘Uqbah came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and she complained to him saying, “O Messenger of

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Hadith on Covenants: Civil protection of the Muslims is one

Ali Ibn Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The protection of the Muslims is one; they strive to fulfill it among the

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Hadith on Persecution: The Quraysh persecute the Prophet for preaching

Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would present himself to people and he said, “Is there a man who can take me to his

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Hadith on Madinah: The Prophet’s city of Medina is sacred ground

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Medina is sacred from the mountain unto the end. Whoever innovates a heresy in

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Hadith on Fath: Liberation of Mecca is a day of mercy

Ibn Asakir reported: When Sa’d passed by Abu Sufyan with the banner of the Prophet on the day Mecca was liberated, he announced, “O Abu Sufyan! Today is a day

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