Covenants العهد

Hadith on Covenants: Believers do not commit assassination

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Faith has restrained assassination. A believer does not assassinate.” Source: Sunan Abī Dāwūd 2769 Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani Al-Azimabadi said, “The meaning of the tradition is that faith prohibits assassination, which is to treacherously kill a person after pledging them security.” Source: ‘Awn al-Maʻbūd …

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Hadith on Medina: The Prophet’s city expels impurity like a furnace

Jabir reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and gave the pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with a fever and he said, “Cancel my pledge.” The Prophet refused three times and he said, “Medina is like a furnace. It expels its impurities and makes …

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Hadith on War: The Prophet orders justice in war, jus in bello

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said to his army, “Go forward in the name of Allah, with Allah, and upon the religion of the messenger of Allah. Do not kill old men, nor children, nor young people, nor women. Do not plunder, rather collect the your …

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Hadith on Treachery: Strict prohibition on betraying peace treaties

Sulaym ibn Amir reported: There was a peace treaty between Mu’awiyah and the Byzantine Romans. He was marching towards their country and when the covenant came to an end, he would attack them. A man came on a horse, saying, “Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! Let there be faithfulness and not treachery!” …

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Hadith on Peace: If you can end conflicts in peace, do so

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Verily, after me there will be conflicts or affairs, so if you are able to end them in peace then do so.” Source: Musnad Aḥmad 697 Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ahmad Shakir Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said, …

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Hadith on Family: Kindness to family members, even unbelievers

Asma bint Abi Bakr reported: My mother, who was an idolater, came to me hoping for good treatment during the truce of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, so I asked him, “Shall I keep relations with her?” The Prophet said, “Yes.” Then, Allah Almighty revealed in regards to it, “Allah does not …

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Hadith on Peace: Betrayal of peace treaties forbids entry to Paradise

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever kills a person protected by a treaty will never smell the fragrance of Paradise. Verily, its fragrance can be found from a distance of forty years of travel.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6516 Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ …

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Hadith on Killing: Believers have room for error unless they murder

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “A believer continues to have room for error in his religion as long as he does not shed sacred blood.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6469 Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Bukhari عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ …

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Hadith on Killing: First cases on Judgment Day will be murders

Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The first of matters to be judged between people will be cases of murder.” In another narration, the Prophet said, “Shedding sacred blood without just cause.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6471, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1678 Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari …

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Hadith on Sincerity: I pledged to the Prophet sincerity to all Muslims

Jarir ibn Abdullah reported: I pledged allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, to establish prayer, to give charity, and to be sincere to every Muslim. Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 57, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 56 Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ بَايَعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ …

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