Legal Punishment الحدود

Hadith on Hudud: Avoid legal punishment unless it becomes public

Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Avoid these filthy crimes that Allah has prohibited. Whoever commits one, let him seek concealment […]

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Hadith on Bay’ah: Companions pledge their loyalty to Islam

‘Ubadah ibn al-Samit reported: I pledged allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, along with a group of people. The Prophet said, “I take your

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Hadith on Dua: Do not lessen crimes by cursing criminals

Aisha reported: Something of hers was stolen, so she began to supplicate against the thief. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Do not lighten his

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Hadith on Pardon: Expiation for forgiving harmful injuries

Al-Muharrir reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever suffers injury to his body by someone in any way and he leaves it for the sake of

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Hadith on Tawbah: Great repentance of the adulteress

‘Imran ibn Husayn reported: A woman of Juhaynah came to the Prophet of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, while she was pregnant from adultery. She said, “O Prophet

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Hadith on Ignorance: Sins excused if one genuinely does not know

Abdullah ibn Abbas reported: A man presented a water-skin filled with wine to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. The Prophet said, “Do you know that

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Hadith on Murder: Is there any repentance for the killer?

Ibn Abbas reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The one murdered will come with the scalp and head of his killer in his hand on the

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Hadith on Retaliation: Equal punishment permitted, forgiveness is better

Ubayy ibn Ka’b reported: On the day of the battle of Uhud, sixty-four of the Ansar and six of the Muhajirun had fallen, one of whom was Hamza, and the

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Hadith on Zina: Severe punishment for false accusations of adultery

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever accuses of adultery one under custodianship of his right hand, he will be flogged on

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Hadith on Tajassus: Only public sins punished, spying is forbidden

Zayd ibn Wahb reported: A man was brought to Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, and it was said, “This man was found with wine dripping from his

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Umar on Apostasy: Apostates taken peacefully or sentenced to prison

Anas ibn Malik reported: I said, “O commander of the faithful, some people have turned renegade against Islam and joined the idolaters. What is to be done to them other

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Umar on Zina: No right to punish the unborn child of adultery

Abu Sufyan reported: A man was absent from his wife for two years and he returned to find her pregnant. Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he

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Hadith on Justice: Day of just leadership better than years of worship

Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “A day of just leadership is better than sixty years of worship, and a legal limit

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Hadith on Responsibility: The pen is lifted from three people

Ali ibn Abi Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The pen is lifted from three people: a sleeping person until he awakens, a

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Umar on Hudud: Strict requirement of four witnesses to adultery

Ibn al-Musayyib reported: Three men testified against Al-Mughirah that he had committed adultery, while an additional witness abstained. Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, punished the three men and

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Hadith on Punishment: No corporal punishment if results in unjust death

Ali reported: A servant girl belonging to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, committed adultery and he ordered me to whip her. She was enduring post-natal

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Hadith on Rape: Compelled sex a type of criminal abuse

Salamah ibn al-Muhabbiq reported: A man had intercourse with the servant girl of his wife, so the matter was referred to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. The

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Umar on Slaves: Slave injured by their master must be set free

Malik reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a servant woman who had been struck by her master with a piece of fire or

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Umar on Zina: Secret marriage is a type of adultery

Abu al-Zubayr reported: Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a marriage which no one had witnessed but one man and one woman. Umar said,

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